Arjuna, Dhanvi, Indradrurma, Kakubha, Karvirak
English : Arjuna myrobalans
Latin name : Terminalia arjuna
Family : Combretaceae
Arjuna is an unique herb
that helps in maintenance of a healthy heart and reduction of nervousness ,
stressand anxiety. Vagbhatta was the first acharya to prescribe the use of
arjuna bark in treating cardio vascular diseases. Later
Chakradutta described it as a heart tonic.Bhava Mishra Nighantukara
recognised the bark as possessing some cooling, cardiotonic, wound healing
and intoxicating effects.
Arjuna is a large size
deciduous tree. The height of the Arjuna tree reaches upto 60 -85 feet. It
is an evergreen tree with the yellow flowers and conical leaves. It has a
smooth gray bark. Fruit is 2.5 -3.5 cm long, fibrous woody, glabrous with 5
hard wings, striated with numerous curved veins. It has a buttressed trunk
and a vast spreading crown from which the branches drop downwards. Its
leaves are dull green above and pale brown beneath oblong or elliptic oblong
in shape. At the base of the lamina two glands are present .Arjuna flowers between
March to June and fruits between September to November. Flowers are green
with star like spikes and smooth calyces .Fruits are truncate fibrous and
Ayurvedic Pharmacodynamic properties:
Rasa : Kashaya (Astringent)
Guna : Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry)
Virya : Shita (Cold)
Vipaka : Katu (Pungent)
Doshakarma : Kapha-Pittashamak (Alleviate K and P Dosha)
Useful parts: Stem,
The bark is rich in saponnins, natural
anti-oxidants (flavonoids-arjunone, arjunolone, leteilin) gallic acid,
ellagic acid, oligomeric proanthocyanidins, phytosterols, rich in minerals
like calcium, magnesium,zinc and copper.
It also contains triterpine
glycosides such as arjunetosides I, II, III, IV, arjunine and arjunetein.
Hypolipidemic action - reduces LDL-cholesterol
levels and helps in recovering HDL components in hyperlipidemia.
It has salutary effect
in cases of liver cirrhosis.
Hypotensive- Due to diuretic property
and hypolipidemic activity, it helps in reducing hypertension.
It is astringent, cooling and used as a
It has Prostaglandin enhancing &
Coronary risk modulating properties.
It also has Aphrodisiac property.
Cardiomyopathy like Myocardial
infraction, Angina ,Coronary artery disease, Heart failure,
Hypercholesterolemia , Hypertension.
Used as an Ischemic &
agent in Hypertension & Ischemic heart disease (IHD).
Bark powder of Arjuna has diuretic
properties that cures cirrhosis.
Juice of leaves is used in ear ache (Otalgia)
Arjuna leaves are used to cover Ulcers
& Sores externally.
The powder of bark works well in Acne
when applied as a paste mixed with honey.
Arjuna bark ash is used in Scorpian
Hot infusion of powder of bark treats
The decoction of bark helps in treating
Dose: Powder 3 – 6 gm,
Ksheerpaka 50- 100 ml
Important formulations: Arjunarishta
, Arjuna churna, Arjuna ghrita
Arjuna supplements must not be consumed
by obese people as it adds fats content to the body. This may make the
cardiovascular condition even more severe.
Internal use of stem bark powder of Arjuna provides cardioprotective
effects. It is described in Ayurveda as a tonic in heart disease.
Its Ksheerpaka is highly effective to normalize high blood pressure and also
acts as a cardioprotective.
In fracture and ulcers of the bones, bandage with its paste is appliedin
Arjuna is the best herb that helps maintaining healthy heart and in
relieving mental stress and nervousness. Arjuna also improves pumping
activity and the strength of the cardiac muscles. Researchers also favor
that Arjuna plays key role in decreasing the LDL (bad) cholesterol levels.
It also has a tonic effect in cirrhosis of the liver. It induces a
drug-dependent decrease in blood pressure and heart rate. The herb has been
used as lipids controlling agent since many years in Ayurveda.